Journey of a Diamond Tour
Why walk when you can relax on a game viewing vehicle and see much more
The tour will start at the offices of Cullinan Tourism and History situated in Historic Oak Ave. To begin, a short lecture from our experienced guide will take place in the history room. You will then board a comfortable game viewing vehicle. Sit back and relax and listen to the guide with his story of the “Journey of a Diamond”
From CHS offices the tour will proceed down Oak Ave. lined by 1905 buildings and onto the mine now well over 100 years old. Once inside the mine gates the tour will proceed past the Number 1 shaft. This shaft was built from 1945 when the mine re-opened towards the end of the Second World War, this shaft hauls the diamond bearing ground called Kimberlite from the bowels of the mine workings. From the shafts the tour proceeds to the massive “big hole”, this hole, which is 4 times bigger than Kimberley’s was abandoned in 1932 when te mine closed.
From this hole, which is 1km long and the underground workings situated directly underneath, nearly 150 million carats (30 tonnes) of diamonds have been recovered since 1903. Many of these have been cut into world famous gemstones, the largest of these and the largest gem stone ever found, the Cullinan Diamond was found only a few meters from the rim of the big hole, the exact spot of where it was found will pointed out to you.
The tour will then proceed through the plant workings, most of which was built in 1945 when the mine re-opened although some of the original buildings dating back to 1905 still exist, and from there to the top of the massive dumps of waste material (360 million tons) mined from 1903. From the top of these dumps Pretoria can be seen. Proceeding back through the plant, the new optical sort plant built to extract diamonds from the waste material will be pointed out and the process of recovering these “lost” diamonds will be explained to you.